Understand the Concept of Cryptocurrency taxes

Banking & Finance

In the United States, the game of cryptocurrencies is more popular than in other countries that are following the cryptocurrency taxes trend all over the world. Now the point is taxation which is charged on cryptocurrencies transactions whether it is cost basis or capital gains or losses, regulated by the IRS. IRS expected Cyptocurrency investors to fill a reporting form such as 1099 (for updating the regular report regarding capital gains or losses and ordinary income) and 8949 (for updating the regular report regarding crypto exchange in NFT tax and Defi tax.

What happens if cryptocurrencies investors forgot to pay tax

Without completing the taxation process, no one can take full advantage of cryptocurrencies if still, user is ignoring tax so they have to fill some kind of punishments charged by the IRS such as:

  • They have to pay $250,000 as well as an additional penalty
  • IRS blocks your Cyptocurrency account
  • 5 years in prison as a punishment 

Before reaching this situation, the IRS also sent thousands of warning letters for unreporting cryptocurrency exchange and income which is called a CP2000. It is sent to the investors due to inaccurate reports and not finding any transactions related to income and cryptocurrency exchanges such as Air Drops, Hard Forks, Margin Trading, Gifting Crypto, and Donating Crypto. These crypto exchanges have different rules and categories to report transactions under cryptocurrency. 

The crypto taxation contains rules and regulation which needs to be done immediately along with reporting transactions under 1099 when the IRS will receive 1099 so that they can verify crypto reports such as sell, buy, exchange, interest, and rewards.

How investors can alert with their cryptocurrencies tax report

Investors can alert with some methods if they acquire to avoid penalties and not to be labeled as a criminal in the cryptocurrency world. The world of cryptocurrency is not similar to other real currency worlds but it’s not that they don’t have rules and regulations for controlling crypto investors. We agree that cryptocurrency does not come under the government but still, they have charged taxes for their crypto exchanges transaction.

The IRS Form 1040X is provided by the IRS for a reminder of prior years of the tax return. With the IRS, investors can be aware of the reports on their taxes on income. This process is an easy and smooth process by which investors can always alert for their upcoming taxes on crypto exchanges and transactions without waiting for any unwanted action from the IRS.

  • Form 1040X acts as a reminder who reminds the investors to pay the crypto taxes.
  • It is a stopper for investors not forgetting the taxes related to crypto income.
  • If investors acquire IRS Form 1040X, it will work as a safeguard.
  • Many crypto investors can receive good returns in faith without affecting any transaction and without facing any issue.

How IRS tracks tax reports of crypto investors

IRS is easy to track cryptocurrency tax reports by using Form 1099-k which is known as the 1099 reporting system, to verify unreported income and cryptocurrency investments. Once they are verified, then they move to the next further process according to the health of crypto tax reports. With the IRS form 1099, it involves non-employment activity.

Charge penalties by the IRS, if it sees no cryptocurrency income reported on taxes.

Account will be blocked by the IRS and announced as a punishment of 5 years in prison.

IRS gives thousands of warnings of non-reported income and tax liability to the crypto investors in the form of letters but still, they ignore it so they have to prepare for criminal prosecution.

Who is the IRS?

IRS is the detectors who find the fraud crypto investors who do not pay taxes on their income. It works with blockchains so that it can verify the network chain to connect with the users or investors who are doing fraud in the cryptocurrency world. It tracks the data for the reporting system. It has a network chain with 10 million dollars+ blockchain analytics companies.

The role of the IRS is to track the investors crypto income data to verify that they have reported the taxes on crypto incomes or not if they not so they provide a warning for a major alert but again they deny or ignore, it takes a heavy step which is not beneficial for crypto investors that affect the poor impact on their health.

On which bases Crypto Taxes are charged

As crypto investors, with real currencies, when investors buy, sell, trade, or exchange stocks, bonds, and property so definitely suffer capital gains or loss in dealing of crypto exchanges so, on capital gains or losses, they need to pay taxes so same as crypto investors need to pay taxes on capital gains or losses.

It depends on the percentage of tax on the capital gain and loss whether it is from mining, job, staking, airdrop, interest, rewards, and lending, they have to pay all taxes otherwise they will become a criminal in the cryptocurrency world announced by the IRS.

Cryptocurrency tax depends on:

It depends on two capital gains on which decide the percentage of taxes:

  • Short-term capital gains
  • Long-term capital gains

Short-term capital gains

If cryptocurrency acquires for a limited time (less than 1 year) so IRS charges high taxes because it would be considered as short-term capital assets that have for a limited time. In short words, Higher tax is charged on short-term capital gains.

Long-term capital gains

If cryptocurrency acquires for a long time, the IRS charges low taxes because it would be considered as long-term assets. In short words, a Lower tax is charged on long-term capital gains.

How to file cryptocurrency taxes

Each tax has different values and different methods to calculate file crypto taxes. The motive is to follow the procedure, to record taxes whether it came from income, sale of assets, any job, and mining. Investors need to be recorded in IRS Form 8949. 

Each reporting is necessary for maintaining the crypto file taxes with accuracy so that investors can’t wait for IRS legal action, if they forgot or ignore to maintain the crypto tax file so they have to accept all the allegation charged by the IRS along with some charges in the form of money and some punishments by blocking their crypto account.

In the case of Crypto capital gains or losses

If investors earn capital gains or losses by selling or buying an asset or from income, they need to be recorded as a capital gain in the file of taxes for reporting on the IRS Form 8949.

  • As an investor, first, you have to transfer all the reports related to sales, trades, and other disposals in form 8949.
  • A Transaction must be recorded with the actual date of sale, buy crypto with fair market value, cost basis, and capital gains or losses.
  • Lastly, you have to calculate the taxes by using the formula of crypto tax, to get the net capital gain or loss.

In the case of Ordinary Income

Ordinary Income does not affect tax form, it receives from mining, staking, interest accounts, or other cryptos that receive from any specific income like job, wages, lending, it needs to be recorded in the particular tax forms so that all the incomes can represent individually.

Income has a different place in Form 8949 such as:

  • Under schedule A, the income you earn from crypto exchanges or wages, that will be reported in it.
  • Under schedule B, the income you earn from interest and rent from lending will be reported in it.
  • Under schedule C, the income you earn from any business activity like getting payments by selling assets and getting a salary from a job of mining operation will be reported as a self-income in it.

How to calculate crypto taxes

To calculate crypto taxes is not a tough part of accounting if investors know the method of estimation and know the value of each income and fix it in its place as an income in different columns.

They accept challenges with taxes, record all the transactions of whatever they pay for crypto, sell crypto, trade crypto or crypto exchange at the time of reporting file 8949. 

Calculate crypto tax based on two methods:

  • Fair market value – price of an asset with the sale of an asset
  • Cost Basis- Money invested in purchasing property along with other costs or fees.

Both have different motives to get income but both are calculated together by using the formula of Fair Market Value – Cost Basis = gain/loss.

Calculate crypto tax by using software

With crypto software, investors don’t need to continue calculating process on their own, they just concern about all the reporting transaction transfer into software, and the rest of the work is done by the software, the software automatically places all the income in different sections and evaluate all the income to get out a result in the form of capital gains or losses.

It is advantageable if it is acquired due to flexibility and accuracy in providing work by meeting all rules and regulations without waiting for legal action from the IRS and their warning letters.

To become a member of crypto traders software, first have to create an account free by submitting all the related information such as cryptocurrency name, investors name, and other required details.

  • It integrates with the blockchains and wallets.
  • Track all the reporting crypto incomes by the tax engines.

Calculate crypto taxes with the tax experts 

If investors have no budget to purchase crypto software, they can hire a tax expert such as an accountant who has professional knowledge in calculating a crypto tax. They can calculate crypto transactions simply as well as with the help of crypto software.

Methods to minimize the percentage of crypto taxes

Long-Capital gains 

The best method to reduce cryptocurrency taxes is long-term capital gains, as we know long-term capital gains are considered for a long time (more than 1 year) so it will lower the rate of tax.

First, investors have to set all the asset transactions that are long-term capital gains, only those assets who have a value or own more than 1 year under one owner, otherwise, it is not accepted under the section of long-term capital gains.

Suppose, investors get profit from selling an asset after utilizing an asset for more than 12 months, it is considered as a long-term capital gain. The IRS charges a lower rate on long-term capital gains than short-term capital gains.

Offset capital gains

The other method to reduce crypto tax is to offset a capital gains tax liability while selling an asset. As an investor, you can also claim for losing investments so you can take advantage of getting a lower rate in capital gains.

Regular reporting crypto taxes

As an investor, if you want to reduce the lower rate on taxes, you have to report all the crypto transactions on time with accuracy, rather than wait for any legal action from the IRS. By using strategies, you have to submit all the crypto transactions into Form 8949.

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